Yeah, I figured the female Daredevil might be Echo from the future, from a time where Matt Murdock isn't DD anymore and she has taken up the mantle. Bendis has a tendency to sometimes tie his different works together, and he is currently scripting Daredevil: End of Days, which will be DD's The End story. Maybe in that story, Matt Murdock falls, Echo takes up the DD mantle, and then gets plucked from the timeline and winds up in New Avengers #34.
The rest are more or less pretty easy to discern. Peter looks like he's from the years when he was still a teenager, Luke from the early days in his superhero career, Jessica from her brief time as Jewel, Logan from his days as a samurai, Cap from when he was...y'know...alive, Dr. Strange from when he still practiced medicine, and Iron Fist is either from his days in K'un-L'un (hence the winter-like clothing), or an Iron Fist that isn't Danny Rand and comes from the distant past (as there have been many Iron Fists throughout the centuries).